There are different aquaculture practices that are being used across the world. Such practices are applied in 3 types of environment – marine, brackishwater and freshwater. All these aquaculture practices are meant to enable the production of varying culture of organisms. As for the aquaculture best practices and systems used in each place, it all depends on certain factors. But in countries that utilize aquaculture as a means to meet the demand in the place, the practices used are often exclusively oriented and geared for domestic consumption. Some of these practices are freshwater pond culture, brackishwater finfish culture, integrated fish farming or rice-fish culture and mariculture.
The Development of the BAP and Its Standards to Ensure the Application of the Best Aquaculture Practices
To help keep and ensure the application of aquaculture best practices, the Global Aquaculture Alliance organized the development of BAP. It is developed for the sole purpose of promoting responsible practice within the aquaculture industry, which is to be applied by all those with hatcheries, processing facilities, feed mills and farms. The program is also after driving continued improvements through high standards. These are same standards that result in significant benefits within the entire aquaculture industry. The BAP standards include facilities for a range of crustacean and finfish species along with mussels.
The Role BAP Standards in Meeting the Observance of these Aquaculture Best Practices
The standards are formulated as a means to address both social and environmental responsibility, welfare of animals, food safety and also traceability by means of a voluntary certification program. The certification itself is defining the most essential elements regarding responsible aquaculture while providing quantitative guidelines to evaluate the observance of these practices.
The program formulated standards to be observed in each type of aquaculture facility include the feed mill, farm and hatchery and processing plant. Recently, an addition is made to these standards in the facility of crustacean and finfish production and also for mussel farms. A new BAP standard is also formulated, one that applies to a range of species, including seabass, cobia, trout, grouper, perch, carp, turbot and more. The individual standards may vary depending on the type of facility. But overall, the BAP standards are centered on addressing employee and community relations, soil and water management, drug and chemical management and biodiversity conservation.
All those who hold the BAP certification have the opportunity to be awarded with it. Among the ones that have received the award was Skuna Bay. The award was given to Skuna Bay’s three newly added farms, totaling to 11 farms that are BAP certified. Earning the award is just one of the steps that Skuna Bay took to show its continuing commitment to source all its salmons from farms that BAP certified. From this step, they were able to show just how responsible they are as a leader in aquaculture, giving assurance to the marketplace.
From the point of view of Global Aquaculture Alliance, receiving this kind of award can help in further fueling other aspiring and veteran aquaculturists to adhere to these standards. Going back to Skuna Bay, they continue to provide only the most premium quality of salmon, which chefs and diners can surely see and taste themselves.